Police and Military dogs
These dogs are trained to work with officers and aid them in getting their job done. They are trained for different things such as drug detection, attack on demand, as well as many other things. These dogs are often trained to be aggressive while on the job. The officer must go through training in order to use a dog like this. These dogs are only out in public with trained officers that are on duty.
Search and Rescue dogs
These dogs are trained to help search teams find survivors after catastrophic events. These dogs were used during 9/11, are used during floods, tornados aftermaths, snow storms, etc. These dogs are not taken out in public unless they are educating the public about search and rescue teams or they are on the job searching for a person.
Therapy dogs only going through basic training. This means that they are trained to obey simple commends, are house broken and have passed good behavior tests. These dogs are not trained to perform tasks. These dogs are taken to hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and other community environments where they relieve stress by greeting people and allowing themselves to be pet. These dogs are solely used to make people feel better emotionally. These dogs do not have access rights and are only allowed to go into places if the management of that location has agreed to let dog in.
Emotional Support Dogs
An emotional support dog is a dog needed by an individual for emotional reasons. An emotional support dog may by recommended by a doctor or psychiatric therapist. Under federal law, landlords are not allowed to charge extra fees for an emotional support dog and emotional support dogs are also allowed to board airplanes with their handler. Besides these two things, emotional support dogs do not have any access rights.
A service dog is a dog that has been trained to perform tasks to help an individual with a disability. To qualify for a service dog you must be diagnosed with a disability by a medical doctor. Having a disability does not make a pet a service animal. The dog must be trained to help you with your disability. For example, if you have diabetes the dog must be trained to detect your blood sugar during spikes and drops and alert you. Service dogs are the only dogs with access rights. What this means is that your service dog is protected under The Americans with Disability Act to accompany you into all public places. If the public is allowed to enter, a service animal is allowed to enter. Which would mean that certain places are excluded, such as privately owned homes, and “employee only” places. Using a fake service dog is a federal offense! For example putting a puppy in your purse and entering a grocery store, stating that your dog is a service animal, is a federal offense and punishable by severe fines and possibly jail time.
These are the different types of working dogs and hopefully this article will help you in the future to identify what kind of working dog you are seeing. Keep up to date with my blog to learn more about service dogs and rights under the ADA. I am happy to answer any questions you have about service animals, so leave a comment!
Meghan Arriola is an animal care consultant from Texas that spends her time promoting holistic wellbeing for humans and animals, while also caring for her many pets including dogs, ferrets, reptiles, goats and much more!
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